This is the second part to the story of Etienne Pigarouiche.  Read part 1 here. Etienne Pigarouiche and his adventures brought him to Sillery, where he devoted his life to the Church and to his people.  Here, he was married to Marguerite Oupitaouabamouku.  He was considered a good neophyte, giving fiery speeches and imploring the people to follow the laws of God and Church.  The Jesuits were highly pleased, being that he was such an

Native Schools

Reposted with permission from Matthew Hawley, OMFRC Member Richard Pratt, the founder and first superintendent of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, believed that the goal of Indian education was to “kill the Indian in him, to save the man (Peterson).”  This assimilation approach of education was the key of our government’s policy towards Indian education for much of our country’s early history.  It wasn’t until recently that we as a nation began to embrace the uniqueness
Etienne Pigarouiche was an interesting and vivid character in history.  He was the medicine man for the Allumette Island Ojibway of Kichesipirini (Great River) Band.  His role as medicine man, healer, and shaman was a very important role within the tribe, and he had a close relationship with its Chief, Tessouat One-Eyed.  He would conduct ceremonies for his people, including the “tent-shaking” ceremony, which must have been incredibly impressive to see, and was considered a
Much of what we know of Ots-Toch is third-hand accounts.  A Mohawk woman born in the village at Canajahorie, her birth was not written in official records, and most of what is known about her birth is in context of her life. Ots-Toch was born to a woman who in her own right was something of a legend.  She was known as the Queen of Hog Island, and the Europeans would often refer to her
~By OMFRC Member Darl Sutherland.  Seen previously in the 2012 Special Edition Newsletter Residential schools were seen by the Canadian government as a way to civilize the native population and keep their children from continuing in their native traditions. In 1895 Rev Fr A.M Carion stated in a report from a residential school in Kamloops, British Columbia that the purpose of the residential school is to civilize the Indian and to make them good, useful
By OMFRC Member D'Arcy Rheault - Originally Published as a Special Edition of Feathers In the Wind, 2012 The 1910 “History of Canada” text book for Ontario Public Schools taught young Canadians that: “All Indians were superstitious, having strange ideas about nature. They thought that birds, beasts...were like men. Thus an Indian has been known to make a long speech of apology to a wounded bear. Such were the people whom the pioneers of our
This post was first seen in the February 2009 Edition of Feathers In The Wind.  Written by Spencer Alexander, Longtime OMFRC Friend and Member.   The story of early European contact with the Aboriginal people of North America has many faces, few if any of them are pleasant. In fact it marked the beginning of “The Genocide Of The Native North American” and continues to be what is probably the longest genocide of a people
~  Marie Louise - OMFRC Member and Researcher for over a decade   In the search for definitive proof of our Métis roots, we are often frustrated.  There is a lot of confusion about what is considered absolute proof.  Many of us know, from the stories passed down to us, that we have a Métis background- but we aren't sure from where it stems. In some cases, research will guide us to a link that
-Written by S. Moen, OMFRC Member.  Seen in the May-June 2016 edition of Feathers In The Wind.   What if I were to tell you that the Métis Nation was much larger than history allows us to perceive and has a much more complicated history than that ordinarily known?  As I have discovered, Métis ethno genesis occurred in many places differing circumstances.  We're all taught in school that the Métis were comprised of Cree-French fur trading
Written by Kathleen Chan, OMFRC Member.  This article also appeared in our Feathers In The Wind Newsletter, February 2009.  Reprinted with Permission. The first DNA test that I had was a DNA Sibship Analysis by Genetrack Biolabs, a Canadian company from Vancouver. It costs $495 Canadian to test two siblings. I think I paid  $250 four years ago. The test was testing 15 STR’s (which are a class of polymorphisms). The average person has no
In 1604, two French ships sailed along the coast of what would become Acadia.  An expedition consisting of a diverse group of adventurers and entrepreneurs were embarking on an adventure that would help shape a country and a culture. Several years before this historic day, a man by the name of Pierre De Gua des Monts wanted to mount an expedition to the new world to create a colony.  A successful merchant, he was also
Roch Manitoubeouich was a man who’d had a life full of adventure, excitement, and hardship.  He’d spent many years deep in the forests of New France, travelling with Olivier LeTardif as an interpreter and guide, furthering the interests and trade of the Company of 100 Associates. Finally, though, after many years of hard work, Roch settled down with his young wife Outchibahanoukoueou.  The Huron man and his Abenaki bride would be entering the next stage