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Métis from a Historical Scientific Prospective Throughout the 18th century and well into the 19th, an intense battle raged in the academic community.  It was the time of expansion and enlightenment, along with the development of many areas of science that still exist today.  Some areas of science disappeared as they were disproven, others evolved overtime with the progression of science and study. But few areas of science had as much long-term impact on the

Cultural Safety Training Guide The following was submitted to us by Dr. Chris Ashton, BEng, MD, MBA/Finance. While thiswill be of particular interest to those in the health care field, anyone who wants to understand the anger and frustrations of our First Nations will benefit from reading this. This article is reposted with permission from Dr. Chris Ashton.  It was originally released as a special edition of our Feathers In The Wind Newsletter in 2010, however, the

This is the second part to the story of Etienne Pigarouiche.  Read part 1 here. Etienne Pigarouiche and his adventures brought him to Sillery, where he devoted his life to the Church and to his people.  Here, he was married to Marguerite Oupitaouabamouku.  He was considered a good neophyte, giving fiery speeches and imploring the people to follow the laws of God and Church.  The Jesuits were highly pleased, being that he was such

Native Schools

Reposted with permission from Matthew Hawley, OMFRC Member Richard Pratt, the founder and first superintendent of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, believed that the goal of Indian education was to “kill the Indian in him, to save the man (Peterson).”  This assimilation approach of education was the key of our government’s policy towards Indian education for much of our country’s early history.  It wasn’t until recently that we as a nation began to embrace the uniqueness

Etienne Pigarouiche was an interesting and vivid character in history.  He was the medicine man for the Allumette Island Ojibway of Kichesipirini (Great River) Band.  His role as medicine man, healer, and shaman was a very important role within the tribe, and he had a close relationship with its Chief, Tessouat One-Eyed.  He would conduct ceremonies for his people, including the “tent-shaking” ceremony, which must have been incredibly impressive to see, and was considered a

Much of what we know of Ots-Toch is third-hand accounts.  A Mohawk woman born in the village at Canajahorie, her birth was not written in official records, and most of what is known about her birth is in context of her life. Ots-Toch was born to a woman who in her own right was something of a legend.  She was known as the Queen of Hog Island, and the Europeans would often refer to her

~By OMFRC Member Darl Sutherland.  Seen previously in the 2012 Special Edition Newsletter Residential schools were seen by the Canadian government as a way to civilize the native population and keep their children from continuing in their native traditions. In 1895 Rev Fr A.M Carion stated in a report from a residential school in Kamloops, British Columbia that the purpose of the residential school is to civilize the Indian and to make them good, useful

By OMFRC Member D’Arcy Rheault – Originally Published as a Special Edition of Feathers In the Wind, 2012

The 1910 “History of Canada” text book for Ontario Public Schools taught young Canadians that: “All Indians were superstitious, having strange ideas about nature. They thought that birds, beasts…were like men. Thus an Indian has been known to make a long speech of apology to a wounded bear. Such were the people whom the pioneers of our

This post was first seen in the February 2009 Edition of Feathers In The Wind.  Written by Spencer Alexander, Longtime OMFRC Friend and Member.   The story of early European contact with the Aboriginal people of North America has many faces, few if any of them are pleasant. In fact it marked the beginning of “The Genocide Of The Native North American” and continues to be what is probably the longest genocide of a people

~  Marie Louise – OMFRC Member and Researcher for over a decade   In the search for definitive proof of our Métis roots, we are often frustrated.  There is a lot of confusion about what is considered absolute proof.  Many of us know, from the stories passed down to us, that we have a Métis background- but we aren’t sure from where it stems. In some cases, research will guide us to a

-Written by S. Moen, OMFRC Member.  Seen in the May-June 2016 edition of Feathers In The Wind.   What if I were to tell you that the Métis Nation was much larger than history allows us to perceive and has a much more complicated history than that ordinarily known?  As I have discovered, Métis ethno genesis occurred in many places differing circumstances.  We’re all taught in school that the Métis were comprised of Cree-French fur trading

Written by Kathleen Chan, OMFRC Member.  This article also appeared in our Feathers In The Wind Newsletter, February 2009.  Reprinted with Permission. The first DNA test that I had was a DNA Sibship Analysis by Genetrack Biolabs, a Canadian company from Vancouver. It costs $495 Canadian to test two siblings. I think I paid  $250 four years ago. The test was testing 15 STR’s (which are a class of polymorphisms). The average person has no